Development[ edit ] In , parent-run organizations , particularly Action for Children's Television ACT , began to protest about what they perceived as excessive violence in Saturday morning cartoons. Fred Silverman , executive in charge of daytime programming for the CBS network at the time, was looking for a show that would revitalize his Saturday morning line and simultaneously please the watch groups.
Also successful were the musical numbers The Archies performed during each program one of which, " Sugar, Sugar ", was the most successful Billboard number-one hit of Silverman was eager to build upon this success, and contacted producers William Hanna and Joseph Barbera about possibly creating another show based on a teenage rock group, this one featuring teens who solved mysteries in between gigs.
Silverman envisaged the show as a cross between the popular I Love a Mystery radio serials of the s and either the Archie characters or the popular early s television series The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis. Their original treatment, based in part on The Archie Show, was titled Mysteries Five and featured five teenagers: When The Mysteries Five were not performing at gigs, they were out solving spooky mysteries involving ghosts, zombies , and other supernatural creatures.
Ruby and Spears were unable to decide whether Too Much would be a large cowardly dog or a small feisty dog. After learning the characteristics of a prize-winning Great Dane from her, Takamoto proceeded to break most of the rules and designed Too Much with overly bowed legs, a double chin , and a sloped back, among other abnormalities.
The treatment retained the dog Too Much, while reducing the number of teenagers to four, removing the Mike character and retaining Geoff, Kelly, Linda, and W. CBS president Frank Stanton felt that the presentation artwork was too scary for young viewers and, thinking the show would be the same, decided to pass on it.
The rock band element was dropped, and more attention was focused upon Shaggy and Too Much. According to Ruby and Spears, Silverman was inspired by Frank Sinatra 's scat "doo-be-doo-be-doo" at the end of his recording of " Strangers in the Night " on a flight to one of the development meetings, and decided to rename the dog " Scooby-Doo " and re-rechristen the show Scooby-Doo, Where Are You!
Original television series run[ edit ] The CBS years —75 [ edit ] Every episode of the original Scooby-Doo format contains a penultimate scene in which the kids unmask the ghost-of-the-week to reveal a real person in a costume, as in this scene from "Nowhere to Hyde", an episode of Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! Each of these episodes features Scooby and the four teenage members of Mystery, Inc.
Encountering a ghost, monster, or other ostensibly supernatural creature terrorizing the local populace, they decide to investigate. The kids split up to look for clues and suspects while being chased at turns by the monster. Eventually, the kids come to realize the ghost and other paranormal activity is actually an elaborate hoax, and—often with the help of a Rube Goldberg -like trap designed by Fred—they capture the villain and unmask him.
Revealed as a flesh and blood crook trying to cover up crimes by using the ghost story and costume, the criminal is arrested and taken to jail, often repeating something nearly identical to " Seven of the second-season episodes featured chase sequences set to bubblegum pop songs recorded by Austin Roberts ,  who also re-recorded the theme song for this season. With Stefanianna Christopherson having married and retired from voice acting, Heather North assumed the role of Daphne, and would continue to voice the character until Of the similarities between the Scooby-Doo teens and the Dobie Gillis teens, the similarities between Shaggy and Maynard are the most noticeable; both characters share the same beatnik -style goatee , similar hairstyles, and demeanors.
Both series featured four youths with a dog, and the Famous Five stories would often revolve around a mystery which would invariably turn out not to be supernaturally based, but simply a ruse to disguise the villain's true intent. The role of each character was strongly defined in the series: Fred is the leader and the determined detective, Velma is the intelligent analyst, Daphne is danger-prone, Shaggy is a coward more motivated by hunger than any desire to solve mysteries, and Scooby is similar to Shaggy, save for a Bob Hope -inspired tendency towards temporary bravery.
Scooby-Doo itself would be an influence on many other Saturday morning cartoons of the s. During that decade, Hanna-Barbera and its competitors produced several animated programs also featuring teenage detectives solving mysteries with a pet or mascot of some sort, including Josie and the Pussycats —71 , The Funky Phantom —72 , The Amazing Chan and the Chan Clan —73 , Speed Buggy —74 , Goober and the Ghost Chasers —74 , Jabberjaw —78 , Captain Caveman and the Teen Angels —80 , among others.
Hanna-Barbera musical director Hoyt Curtin composed a new theme song for this series, and Curtin's theme would remain in use for much of Scooby-Doo's original broadcast run. Pat Stevens took over her role as the voice of Velma. In addition to eight new episodes of Scooby-Doo and reruns of the show, Scooby-Doo also appeared during the All-Star block's Laff-a-Lympics series, which featured 45 Hanna-Barbera characters competing in Battle of the Network Stars -esque parodies of Olympic sporting events.
Scooby was seen as the team captain of the Laff-a-Lympics "Scooby Doobies" team, which also featured Shaggy and Scooby-Dum among its members. Scooby's All-Star Laff-a-Lympics was retitled Scooby's All Stars for the —79 season , reduced to 90 minutes when Dynomutt was spun off into its own half-hour and the reruns were dropped. Scooby's All-Stars continued broadcasting reruns of Scooby-Doo from and , while new episodes of Scooby-Doo aired during a separate half-hour under the Scooby-Doo, Where are You!
After nine weeks, the separate Where are You! The special revolved around Shaggy and Scooby attempting to convince the network to move Scooby out of Saturday morning and into a prime-time series, and featured spoofs of then-current television series and films such as Happy Days , Superman: In , Scooby's tiny nephew Scrappy-Doo was added to both the series and the billing, in an attempt to boost Scooby-Doo's slipping ratings.
Lennie Weinrib voiced Scrappy in the —80 episodes, with Don Messick assuming the role thereafter. At this time, Scooby-Doo started to walk and run anthropomorphically on two feet more often, rather than on four like a normal dog as he did previously. Fred, Daphne, and Velma were dropped from the series, and the new Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo format now consisted of three seven-minute comedic adventures starring Scooby, Scrappy, and Shaggy instead of one half-hour mystery.
Most of the supernatural villains in the seven-minute Scooby and Scrappy cartoons, who in previous Scooby series had been revealed to be human criminals in costume , were now real within the context of the series.
Beginning in , a half-hour of reruns from previous incarnations of Scooby-Doo were broadcast on ABC Saturday mornings in addition to first-run episodes. Heather North returned to the voice cast as Daphne, who in this incarnation solved mysteries with Shaggy, Scooby, and Scrappy while working undercover as a reporter for a teen magazine.
This version of the show lasted for two seasons, with the second season airing under the title The New Scooby-Doo Mysteries.
The —85 season episodes featured semi-regular appearances from Fred and Velma, with Frank Welker and Marla Frumkin resuming their respective roles for these episodes. A Pup Named Scooby-Doo was an irreverent re-imagining of the series, heavily inspired by the classic cartoons of Tex Avery and Bob Clampett , and eschewed the quasi-reality of the original Scooby series for a more Looney Tunes -like style, including an episode where Scooby-Doo's parents show up and reveal his real name to be "Scoobert".
The series also established "Coolsville" as the name of the gang's hometown; this setting was retained for several of the later Scooby productions. The retooled show was a success, remaining in production for four seasons and on ABC's lineup until Scooby-Doo, Scrappy-Doo and Shaggy starred in three of these movies: These three films took their tone from the earlys Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo entries, and featured the characters encountering actual monsters and ghosts rather than masqueraded people.
Animation and Hanna-Barbera by then a subsidiary of Warner Bros. Frank Welker was the only original voice cast member to return for these productions. Don Messick had died in and Casey Kasem, a strict vegetarian, relinquished the role of Shaggy after having to provide the voice for a Burger King commercial. These first four direct-to-video films differed from the original series format by placing the characters in plots with a darker tone and pitting them against actual supernatural forces.
Scooby-Doo on Zombie Island, featured the original gang, reunited after years of being apart, fighting voodoo -worshiping cat creatures in the Louisiana bayou. Scooby-Doo and the Cyber Chase was the final production made by the Hanna-Barbera studio, which was absorbed into parent company Warner Bros.
Animation following William Hanna's death in Warner Animation would continue production of the direct-to-video series while also producing new Scooby-Doo series for television. The direct-to-video productions continued to be produced concurrently with at least one entry per year.
Two of these entries, Scooby-Doo! Later entries produced between and were done in the style of What's New, Scooby-Doo, using that show's voice cast. Entries from on use the original designs and feature Matthew Lillard as the voice of Shaggy, the character Lillard portrayed in the live-action theatrical Scooby-Doo films. Haunted Hollywood and Scooby-Doo!
Curse of the Speed Demon. In addition, a live-action TV movie, Scooby-Doo! A second live-action TV movie, Scooby-Doo!
The three films are served as prequels taking place before the events of the film.