Getting vaccinated against HPV can help prevent these health problems. HPV is a very common virus that can be spread from one person to another person through anal, vaginal, or oral sex, or through other close skin-to-skin touching during sexual activity.
How do men get HPV? This disease is spread easily during anal or vaginal sex, and it can also be spread through oral sex or other close skin-to-skin touching during sex. HPV can be spread even when an infected person has no visible signs or symptoms.
Will HPV cause health problems for me? However, if an infection does not go away, it is possible to develop HPV symptoms months or years after getting infected.
This makes it hard to know exactly when you became infected. Lasting HPV infection can cause genital warts or certain kinds of cancer. It is not known why some people develop health problems from HPV and others do not. What are the symptoms of HPV? Most men who get HPV never develop symptoms and the infection usually goes away completely by itself. However, if HPV does not go away, it can cause genital warts or certain kinds of cancer.
See your healthcare provider if you have questions about anything new or unusual such as warts, or unusual growths, lumps, or sores on your penis, scrotum, anus, mouth, or throat. What are the symptoms of genital warts? Genital warts usually appear as a small bump or group of bumps in the genital area around the penis or the anus. These warts might be small or large, raised or flat, or shaped like a cauliflower. The warts may go away, or stay the same, or grow in size or number.
Usually, a healthcare provider can diagnose genital warts simply by looking at them. Genital warts can come back, even after treatment. The types of HPV that cause warts do not cause cancer. Can HPV cause cancer? These include cervical cancer in women, penile cancer in men, and anal cancer in both women and men. HPV can also cause cancer in the back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils called oropharyngeal cancer.
All of these cancers are caused by HPV infections that did not go away. Cancer develops very slowly and may not be diagnosed until years, or even decades, after a person first gets infected with HPV.
Currently, there is no way to know who will have only a temporary HPV infection, and who will develop cancer after getting HPV.
How common are HPV-related cancers in men? Certain men are more likely to develop HPV-related cancers: Men who receive anal sex are more likely to get anal HPV and develop anal cancer. Can I get tested for HPV? No, there is currently no approved test for HPV in men.
However, some healthcare providers do offer anal Pap tests to men who may be at increased risk for anal cancer, including men with HIV or men who receive anal sex. If you have symptoms and are concerned about cancer, please see a healthcare provider. Genital warts can be treated by your healthcare provider, or with prescription medication. HPV-related cancers are more treatable when diagnosed and treated promptly.
For more information, visit www. How can I lower my chance of getting HPV? The HPV vaccine is safe and effective. It can protect men against warts and certain cancers caused by HPV. Ideally, you should get vaccinated before ever having sex see below for the recommended age groups.
For more information on the recommendations, please see: However, HPV can infect areas that are not covered by a condom, so condoms may not give full protection against getting HPV.
Can I get the HPV vaccine? Even if you are healthy, you and your sex partner s may also want to get checked by a healthcare provider for other STIs.
If you or your partner have genital warts, you should avoid having sex until the warts are gone or removed. However, it is not known how long a person is able to spread HPV after warts are gone. What does HPV mean for my relationship? HPV infections are usually temporary. A person may have had HPV for many years before it causes health problems. HPV is not necessarily a sign that one of you is having sex outside of your relationship.
It is important that sex partners discuss their sexual health and risk for all STIs, with each other. Where can I get more information?