Associate Professor, School of Law. A Comparative Study London: The United States appears to be alone in its implementation of sex offender residency restrictions. Human Right Watch, , online: Global Report on Human Settlements Nairobi: United Nations Human Settlements Programme, at , online: The survey was conducted from January to June in order to collect information from victims of criminal offences committed in Hong Kong in Census and Statistics Department, at 1, para.
Archbold Hong Kong Hong Kong: The Social Welfare Department, Hong Kong defines child sexual abuse as the involvement of a child in sexual activity e. This includes direct or indirect sexual exploitation and abuse of a child e. Oxford University Press, , Tang, supra note See Thomas, supra note 1. The defendant had previous convictions for sexual offences against children. In the present case, the defendant had used toys to lure children before sexually molesting them.
Pergamon, at Karl, Sex Offender Recidivism: Developments in Risk Assessment Chicago: University of Chicago Press, , Interim Proposals February at paras. The UK started registering offenders in with the passing of the Sex Offenders Act, , which requires offenders who have committed one of the designated sexual offences covered by the Act to notify the police when their personal details change.
These requirements are dependent on the severity of the sentence imposed. A sentence of more than 30 months imprisonment would result in an indefinite period of registration.
Amendments were made to the Criminal Justice and Court Services Bill, which was going through Parliament then as a result of intense media coverage and public demonstration following the abduction and murder of Sarah Payne in The Criminal Justice and Court Services Act, formalized the creation of the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements MAPPA and required the relevant responsible authorities such as the police, probation services, social services, health, and local housing authorities to cooperate and share information in order to facilitate the management of sex offenders in the community.
Child-related work is defined as work where the usual duties involve, or are likely to involve, frequent or regular contact with children i. See supra note 46 for the definition of mentally incapacitated persons MIPs.
The Hong Kong Criminal Records Bureau is responsible for maintaining records of persons convicted of certain offences. Generally, regulatory offences and minor offences like jay walking are not recorded but those involving violence such as wounding, assault occasioning actual bodily harm and sexual offences like rape and indecent assault will be recorded.
Child Care Services Ordinance Cap. Social Workers Registration Ordinance Cap. Thomas Law Journal The Jacob Wetterling Act was passed after year old Jacob Wetterling was never found after his abduction close to a halfway-house which was used to house sex offenders after their release from prison.
Seven year old Megan Kanka was found raped and murdered by a twice-convicted paedophile. New Jersey Statutes Annotated, 2C: Adam Walsh Act, Pub. Buntin, supra note Sexual Offences Act, , sched.
SOA , supra note 80, ss. Criminal and Justice Courts Services Act , ss. A child sex offender is anyone committing one of the offences against a child listed under Criminal Justice Act, , sched. Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act , sched. Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers, , online: Intersentia, , Sex offenders are classified into tiers based exclusively on their conviction i.
This means, unlike in risk-assessment models, it does not consider the seriousness of the offence, the number of offences the offender committed, or whether the offence was violent in nature Are There Any Limits?
Buntin, supra note 75 at 8. A Process Evaluation, 2nd ed. Home Office, March , online: Does It Protect Children? NSPCC, at The Article provides that parties shall undertake to protect children from all sexual abuse and sexual exploitation.
Later, the Convention was re-affirmed by the government of the People's Republic of China on 10 June , and it continues to be effective in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Hesley Hall Ltd,  1 AC Jacobs and Blitsa, supra note Hong Kong University Press, For more information on the idea of collectivism, see James W.
A Contextual Approach, 6th ed. Sage Publication, at c. Hong Kong Police Force, supra note 44, Item 1. Section 2 of the Rehabilitation of Offenders Ordinance Cap.
Victim, Incident and Offender Characteristics: US Department of Justice, , online: The survey was conducted by Policy21, an organization that provides research based and data collection services to numerous organizations and universities in Hong Kong. Pursuant to a Strategic Research Grant awarded by City University of Hong Kong, Policy21 was commissioned to conduct a telephone survey of secondary school children on cyber-bullying and mobile bullying.
The survey was conducted between late June and mid-August Recommend this journal Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.