All aspects of employment are covered, including benefits for spouses and long-term partners. Examples of services include credit, insurance, government programs, hotels and schools open to the public.
Schools open to the public are liable for anti-gay name-calling and bullying by students or staff. This is called "adverse effect discrimination. Exceptions[ edit ] Human rights acts have no exceptions specifically for sexual orientation or gender identity, however, human rights acts typically include an exception for "bona fide requirements" or qualifications that applies to most grounds e.
Since human rights acts are quasi-constitutional laws, it is not possible for job applicants or unions, for example, to sign away equality rights. Furthermore, some collective agreements include broad non-discrimination provisions that actually expand upon the rights listed in human rights acts.
Results[ edit ] Since the entrenchment of Section 15 of the Charter , Canadian LGBT people have achieved an astonishing range of judicially made rights gains in most policy areas, including immigration, housing, employment, health benefits, adoption, pensions, finances, hate crimes and marriage.
Schools and other educational institutions[ edit ] Some schools have gay—straight alliances or similar groups to counter homophobia and bullying and provide support for LGBT students in school. The curriculum of public schools, particularly in British Columbia , are now being amended to incorporate LGBT topics. In reality, implementation of curriculum varies from school division to school division and often from teacher to teacher.
Religious educational institutions may in many cases discriminate based on sexual orientation against students and staff according to religious doctrine. Nevertheless, if they rent facilities to the general public on a commercial basis without regard to their religion, they may not refuse to rent them to LGBT groups. They are strictly liable for harassment, name-calling and bullying of students and staff by staff on these grounds. In addition, as a result of the Jubran  decision, they are liable for most such behaviour by students.
They may be liable for anti-gay bullying even if the victim is not gay, nor believed to be e. Furthermore, it may not be enough for schools to progressively discipline bullies when this is ineffective.
Schools are responsible for providing an educational environment that is free from discriminatory harassment, and this may require them to provide "resources to adopt a broader, educative approach to deal with the difficult issues of harassment, homophobia and discrimination.
Public education governance bodies may place limits on the freedom of expression and the freedom of religion rights of teachers and school counsellors with respect to statements they may make regarding LGBT issues, both on and off the job. Teachers and school counsellors are considered to hold positions of trust and influence over young people and are required to ensure that their public statements do not impair public confidence in the school system or create an unwelcoming or intolerant school environment.
Blady said the province's human rights code prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation — including how health care services are provided. The act bans conversion therapy on minors and forbids it from being funded under the Ontario Health Insurance Plan public health care for anyone, of any age. The bill was introduced by Cheri DiNovo , a member of the Ontario New Democratic Party , and passed the Legislative Assembly with the support of all three parties in the legislature.
The business licence bylaw applies to all licence holders, including religious groups. Men who have sex with men blood donor controversy In , a ban on gay and bi men donating blood was enacted. The new criteria took effect on August 15, This criteria states that transgender donors who have not had sex reassignment surgery will be asked questions based on their sex assigned at birth.
They will be eligible to donate or be deferred based on these criteria. For example, trans women will be asked if they have had had sex with a man in the last 12 months. If the response is yes, they will be deferred for one year after their last sexual contact with a man. And donors who have had sex reassignment surgery will be deferred from donating blood for one year after their surgery.
After that year, these donors will be screened in their affirmed gender.