When agreement is defined as response options four to seven, the agreement rate grows to 78 per cent. Who supports equal rights? Examination of the HILDA Survey data revealed marked differences in the degree of support for equal rights for same-sex couples across population subgroups. Such support was significantly greater among: Once these factors were accounted for, there were few and small differences across Australia's states and territories.
Who supports equal rights for same-sex couples? Who sits on the fence? This is an important portion of the Australian population. They represent those who may be swayed in either direction. Social change There are a couple of legal hurdles the survey has to clear before you'll have you say. The longitudinal nature of the HILDA Survey data enabled us to compare trends over time in support for the rights of same-sex couples between population segments.
Between and , support rates increased across all of the population subgroups under scrutiny. This was even the case among groups that expressed the lowest levels of support. For the most part, the group differences in support rates reported before remain reasonably constant over time.
Interesting exceptions included a reduced "support premium" associated with holding university-level qualifications, and increasing religious disparities. What does all this mean? The figures reveal an overwhelming tide of support toward the rights of same-sex couples within Australian society.
However, certain population groups are clearly lagging behind in their support. This includes male, older, and religious Australians, and those from non-English-speaking backgrounds. These same traits are also predictive of being undecided on the issue. This implies campaigners for a Yes vote should redouble efforts in putting forward arguments that appeal to these groups.
Even with a favourable outcome, the moral scrutiny to which the LGBT community is being subjected will likely have long-term negative consequences. Social friction and debates about the rights of same-sex couples are unlikely to disappear after the survey. Our results point toward population groups that will need further convincing.