Other punishments included public ostracism , shaving of the head, whipping , and castration. This conversion leads to a revision of the law to conform to those of Catholic countries. These revisions include provisions for the persecution of gays and Jews. This is the first European secular law to criminalize sodomy.
The Sixteenth Council of Toledo issued a statement in response, which was adopted by Egica, stating that homosexual acts be punished by castration , exclusion from Communion , hair shearing, one hundred stripes of the lash, and banishment into exile. Giovanni was well known as Rodolfo's lover and had relations with the king himself, a fact of which the king openly boasted. Pope Urban, however, didn't consider this as a decisive fact: Giovanni ruled as bishop for almost forty years, and Rodolfo continued to be well known and respected.
The Council calls for the burning of individuals who perpetually commit sodomy. Women caught in same-sex acts could be mutilated and executed as well. Order leaders are sentenced to death and burned at the stake on 18 March by Notre Dame.
Edward II had a history of conflict with the nobility, who repeatedly banished his former lover Piers Gaveston , the Earl of Cornwall. He confessed he "had never had sexual intercourse, neither with his wife nor with any other woman, because he had never felt any carnal appetite, nor could he ever have an erection of his virile member". The charge against them was same sex intercourse which was illegal and strenuously vilified in medieval Europe.
One other couple still known by name from the 14th century were Giovanni Braganza and Nicoleto Marmagna of Venice. He was arrested in for cross-dressing and interrogated. The official decree blames her demotion on receiving visitors without her husband's permission and instructing her maids to sing mens' songs.
Yupanqui's general, Auqui Tatu, burned alive in public square all those for whom there was even circumstantial evidence of sodomy in [H]acari valley, threatening to burn down whole towns if anyone engaged in sodomy. In Chincha , Yupanqui burned alive large numbers, pulling down their houses and any trees they had planted. Sodomites were stoned, castrated, and burned. Between and , more than 1, people were prosecuted for sodomy. An increase is made in the severity of the crime equating to treason or heresy, and the amount of evidence required for conviction is lowered, with torture permitted to extract confession.
The property of the defendant is also confiscated. Both had female partners. Wojciech, considered in public opinion as a woman, was burned for 'crimes against nature'. Hammon was under 16 and not prosecuted.