Immigration Debate Backgrounder by Claire Felter and Danielle Renwick, Council on Foreign Relations, Comprehensive immigration reform has eluded Congress for years, moving controversial policy decisions into the executive and judicial branches of government. What is the immigration population? How do Americans feel about immigration? What legislation has Congress considered? What actions have presidents considered? How are state and local authorities handling these issues?
What are the prospects for immigration reform? There's no shortage of stereotypes about people living in the U. But the statistics tell a different story. Getting the numbers right. Republicans and Democrats agree it is time to provide Dreamers a path to legal residency—the question is how?
Amnesty or Deportation About 11 million unauthorized immigrants live and work in the United States today. Some say they should be deported, while others support a path to legal residency. What would deportation of 11 million people involve? What would be required to receive amnesty?
Path to Citizenship For years, the United States has recharged its spirit and economy by extending citizenship to immigrants. The question now is, once the undocumented gain legal status, will we extend the same opportunity to them? If not, how do we reconcile that decision with our ideal of equality? Guest-worker visas mean some will labor here with no representation, few legal protections and no chance to earn citizenship. How do we make rules that are fair, generous and in keeping with our values?
Enforcement From border security to deportation and fines, we must decide how to enforce the law with employers and employees who are undocumented. Pathway to Citizenship, Healthcare: Who pays for it? What to do with illegal border crossers, what exit system to have, how could illegal immigrants qualify for legal permanent residency? Treatment of these patients varies widely from state to state, and in many places the only way they can get dialysis is in the emergency room.
Avoidable emergencies strain hospital resources. Kidney failure, or end-stage renal disease, is treatable with routine dialysis every two to three days. Without regular dialysis, which removes toxins from the blood, the condition is life-threatening. Providing undocumented patients with suboptimal care because of their immigration status contributes to professional burnout and moral distress. Choose your words carefully: Immigrants, Migrants, Asylum-Seekers, and Refugees.