Stan Lee stated that it was the name of this character that inspired him to create a character that would become Spider-Man. He said the idea for Spider-Man arose from a surge in teenage demand for comic books, and the desire to create a character with whom teens could identify.
In a interview, Lee described in detail his arguments to overcome Goodman's objections. As comics historian Greg Theakston recounts, Kirby told Lee about an unpublished character on which he had collaborated with Joe Simon in the s, in which an orphaned boy living with an old couple finds a magic ring that granted him superhuman powers.
Lee and Kirby "immediately sat down for a story conference", Theakston writes, and Lee afterward directed Kirby to flesh out the character and draw some pages. Not that he did it badly—it just wasn't the character I wanted; it was too heroic". One of the first things I did was to work up a costume. A vital, visual part of the character. I had to know how he looked A clinging power so he wouldn't have hard shoes or boots, a hidden wrist-shooter versus a web gun and holster, etc.
I wasn't sure Stan would like the idea of covering the character's face but I did it because it hid an obviously boyish face. It would also add mystery to the character But the whole thing was created by Steve on his own I think I added the business about the webs coming out of his hands.
It was a gateway to commercial success for the superhero and inspired the launch of The Amazing Spider-Man comic book. Cover art by penciller Jack Kirby and inker Steve Ditko. Kirby disputed Lee's version of the story and claimed Lee had minimal involvement in the character's creation. According to Kirby, the idea for Spider-Man had originated with Kirby and Joe Simon , who in the s had developed a character called the Silver Spider for the Crestwood Publications comic Black Magic, who was subsequently not used.
Simon later elaborated that his and Kirby's character conception became the basis for Simon's Archie Comics superhero the Fly. Evanier also disputes Kirby's given reason that he was "too busy" to draw Spider-Man in addition to his other duties since Kirby was, said Evanier, "always busy". Ditko recalled that "Stan called Jack about the Fly", adding that "[d]ays later, Stan told me I would be penciling the story panel breakdowns from Stan's synopsis".
It was at this point that the nature of the strip changed. Lee gave Ditko the premise of a teenager bitten by a spider and developing powers, a premise Ditko would expand upon to the point he became what Bell describes as "the first work for hire artist of his generation to create and control the narrative arc of his series".
On the issue of the initial creation, Ditko states, "I still don't know whose idea was Spider-Man". The title eventually became Marvel's top-selling series : One interviewee selected Spider-Man because he was "beset by woes, money problems, and the question of existence.
In short, he is one of us. In , Romita would also draw the character's extra-length stories in the comics magazine The Spectacular Spider-Man , a proto- graphic novel designed to appeal to older readers. It only lasted for two issues, but it represented the first Spider-Man spin-off publication, aside from the original series' summer annuals that began in Previously, the Code forbade the depiction of the use of illegal drugs , even negatively.
However, in , the Nixon administration's Department of Health, Education, and Welfare asked Stan Lee to publish an anti-drug message in one of Marvel's top-selling titles. In the story, Peter Parker's friend Harry Osborn becomes addicted to pills. While the story had a clear anti-drug message, the Comics Code Authority refused to issue its seal of approval. Marvel nevertheless published the three issues without the Comics Code Authority's approval or seal.
The issues sold so well that the industry's self-censorship was undercut and the Code was subsequently revised. Marvel Team-Up , in which Spider-Man was paired with other superheroes and villains. In , his second solo series, Peter Parker, the Spectacular Spider-Man began running parallel to the main series. The various versions combined sold over 3 million copies, an industry record at the time. Several limited series , one-shots , and loosely related comics have also been published, and Spider-Man makes frequent cameos and guest appearances in other comic series.
Superior was an enormous commercial success for Marvel,  and ran for issue before the real Peter Parker returned in a newly relaunched The Amazing Spider-Man 1 in April Amazing Fantasy 15, art by Steve Ditko. As depicted in Amazing Fantasy 15 August , he is bitten by a radioactive spider erroneously classified as an insect in the panel at a science exhibit and "acquires the agility and proportionate strength of an arachnid ".
Through his native knack for science, he develops a gadget that lets him fire adhesive webbing of his own design through small, wrist-mounted barrels. Initially seeking to capitalize on his new abilities, Parker dons a costume and, as "Spider-Man", becomes a novelty television star.
However, "He blithely ignores the chance to stop a fleeing thief , [and] his indifference ironically catches up with him when the same criminal later robs and kills his Uncle Ben. In time, Peter graduates from high school,  and enrolls at Empire State University a fictional institution evoking the real-life Columbia University and New York University ,  where he meets roommate and best friend Harry Osborn , and girlfriend Gwen Stacy ,  and Aunt May introduces him to Mary Jane Watson.
The black costume debute that returned from Secret Wars that brought controversy to many fans. The suit would later be essentially be revealed as a symbiote and paved the way for the creation of Venom.
Cover art by Ron Frenz and Klaus Janson. From to , Spider-Man wore a black costume with a white spider design on his chest.
The new costume originated in the Secret Wars limited series , on an alien planet where Spider-Man participates in a battle between Earth's major superheroes and villains. The change to a longstanding character's design met with controversy, "with many hardcore comics fans decrying it as tantamount to sacrilege. Spider-Man's traditional red and blue costume was iconic, they argued, on par with those of his D.
It was promoted with a real-life mock wedding using models, including Tara Shannon as Watson,  with Stan Lee officiating at the June 5, , event at Shea Stadium. I had actually planned another version, one that wasn't used. Peter gives up the Spider-Man identity to Reilly for a time, until Reilly is killed by the returning Green Goblin and revealed to be the clone after all.
Peter later becomes a member of the New Avengers , and reveals his civilian identity to the world,  increasing his already numerous problems. His marriage to Mary Jane and public unmasking are later erased in another controversial  storyline " One More Day ", in a Faustian bargain with the demon Mephisto that results in several other adjustments to the timeline, including the resurrection of Harry Osborn and the return of Spider-Man's traditional tools and powers.
Michael Straczynski , who "told Joe that I was going to take my name off the last two issues of the [story] arc" but was talked out of doing so. What made that very problematic is that we had four writers and artists well underway on [the sequel arc] "Brand New Day" that were expecting and needed "One More Day" to end in the way that we had all agreed it would.
The fact that we had to ask for the story to move back to its original intent understandably made Joe upset and caused some major delays and page increases in the series. Also, the science that Joe was going to apply to the retcon of the marriage would have made over 30 years of Spider-Man books worthless, because they never would have had happened.
We just couldn't go there Parker's Aunt May marries J. Jonah Jameson's father, Jay Jameson. Peter eventually regains control of his body. What Lee and Ditko actually did in The Amazing Spider-Man was to make the series an ongoing novelistic chronicle of the lead character's life. Most super heroes had problems no more complex or relevant to their readers' lives than thwarting this month's bad guys Parker had far more serious concern in his life: He is anti-social , [ sic ] castration -ridden, racked with Oedipal guilt , and accident-prone Wright, Spider-Man's plight was to be misunderstood and persecuted by the very public that he swore to protect.
Jonah Jameson, publisher of the Daily Bugle , launches an editorial campaign against the "Spider-Man menace. Eventually, the bad press leads the authorities to brand him an outlaw. Ironically, Peter finally lands a job as a photographer for Jameson's Daily Bugle.
Fittingly, then, his comic book also contained some of the earliest references to the politics of young people. In , in the wake of actual militant student demonstrations at Columbia University, Peter Parker finds himself in the midst of similar unrest at his Empire State University Peter has to reconcile his natural sympathy for the students with his assumed obligation to combat lawlessness as Spider-Man.
As a law-upholding liberal, he finds himself caught between militant leftism and angry conservatives. With his talents, he sews his own costume to conceal his identity, and he constructs many devices that complement his powers, most notably mechanical web-shooters to help navigate and trap his enemies along with a spider-signal as an flashlight and a warning beacon to criminals.
Variant cover of The Amazing Spider-Man vol. Art by Kevin Maguire. Spider-Man has had a large range of supporting characters introduced in the comics that are essential in the issues and storylines that star him. After his parents died, Peter Parker was raised by his loving aunt, May Parker , and his uncle and father figure, Ben Parker.
After Uncle Ben is murdered by a burglar , Aunt May is virtually Peter's only family, and she and Peter are very close. Jonah Jameson is depicted as the publisher of the Daily Bugle and is Peter Parker's boss and as a harsh critic of Spider-Man, always saying negative things about the superhero in the newspaper. Despite his role as Jameson's publishing editor and confidant Robbie Robertson is always depicted as a supporter of both Peter Parker and Spider-Man.
After his breakup with Betty Brant, Parker eventually falls in love with his college girlfriend Gwen Stacy ,   daughter of New York City Police Department detective captain George Stacy , both of whom are later killed by supervillain enemies of Spider-Man.
List of Spider-Man enemies Writers and artists over the years have established a rogues gallery of supervillains to face Spider-Man. In comics and in other media. As with the hero, the majority of the villains' powers originate with scientific accidents or the misuse of scientific technology, and many have animal-themed costumes or powers.
Indicates a group team.