During the era of British rule , Christian private schools were quite prominent and widely attended by both UK British and Indian students. Many of the schools established during this era, especially in areas with a heavy Christian population, are still in existence today. List of schools in Japan In Japan , there are many Christian schools and universities with mandatory religious education.
Any religious education at private middle and high schools requires the teacher to be accredited by a university teaching the religious education standards.
Religious or political education, or clubs that promote a specific religious or political group, are prohibited at public schools. Pakistan[ edit ] In Pakistan , Muslim students must take Islamic studies from primary to higher education. The subject is optional for non-Muslim students, who can choose the subject of ethics instead. South East Asia[ edit ] In Thailand , Burma and other majority Buddhist societies, Buddhist teachings and social decorum are sometimes taught in public school.
Young men are expected to live as monks for several months at one time in their lives during which they can receive religious education. Austria[ edit ] Because of Austria 's history as a multinational empire that included the largely Islamic Bosnia , Sunni Islam has been taught side by side with Roman Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox classes since the 19th century. However, children belonging to minority religions, like Jewish , Buddhist and Latter Day Saints also study religious education in their various denominations.
At many schools, secular classes in Ethics can be attended alternatively. Most of Finnish students study Evangelical Lutheran religious education.
A student can receive religious education according to his or her own religion if the denomination is registered in Finland. Since religious education is a compulsory subject, pupils who do not belong to any religious group are taught Ethics. However, the state subsidizes private teaching establishments, including religious ones, under strict conditions of not forcing religion courses on students and not discriminating against students according to religion.
An exception is the area of Alsace-Moselle where, for historical reasons it was ruled by Germany when this system was instituted in the rest of France under a specific local law , the state supports public education in some religions Catholic, Protestant, Jewish mostly in accord with the German model. Education in Germany still embodies the legacy of the Prussian education system introduced by Frederick the Great in The curricula of the various states of Germany since then have included not only basic technical skills but also music singing and religious Christian education in close cooperation with the churches.
In one of the federal states this includes Orthodox Christian teachers as well. In Berlin, Bremen see Bremen clause and Brandenburg, religious education is not mandatory.
The training is supposed to be conducted according to modern standards of the humanities , and by teachers trained at mostly state-run colleges and universities. Those teachers teach religion in public schools, are paid by the state and are bound to the German constitution, as well as answerable to the churches for the content of their teaching.
Children who are part of no mainstream religion this applies e. The Humanistischer Verband Deutschlands , an atheist and agnostic association, has adopted to the legal setup of the churches and is now allowed to offer such classes.
From the age of 14, children may decide on their own if they want to attend religion classes and, if they do, which of those they are willing to attend. For younger children it is the decision of their parents.
These schools have to follow the same curricula as public schools of their federal state, though. The introduction of Islamic religious education in Germany has faced various burdens and thresholds, but it is being introduced currently. Students can opt out of these classes, if their parents state, in paper, that their children are not of the Greek Orthodox dogma. Poland[ edit ] In Poland, religious education is optional in state schools.
Parents decide whether children should attend religion classes or ethics classes   or none of them.