Education[ edit ] In education, the term is most often used to describe a worldview or a set of values toward which education is oriented see, for example, the priorities of the Global Education First Initiative led by the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Global Citizenship Education Within the educational system, the concept of global citizenship education GCED is beginning to supersede or overarch movements such as multicultural education, peace education , human rights education , Education for Sustainable Development and international education.
The concept of global citizenship has been linked with awards offered for helping humanity. The following are a few of the more common perspectives: Critical and transformative perspective. Citizenship is defined by being a member with rights and responsibilities. Therefore, GCED must encourage active involvement. GCED can be taught from a critical and transformative perspective, whereby students are thinking, feeling, and doing.
In this approach, GCED requires students to be politically critical and personally transformative. Teachers provide social issues in a neutral and grade-appropriate way for students to understand, grapple with, and do something about.
Worldmindedness, the first strand, refers to understanding the world as one unified system and a responsibility to view the interests of individual nations with the overall needs of the planet in mind. The second strand, Child-centeredness , is a pedagogical approach that encourages students to explore and discover on their own and addresses each learner as an individual with inimitable beliefs, experiences, and talents.
The Holistic Understanding perspective was founded by Merry Merryfield, focusing on understanding the self in relation to a global community. This perspective follows a curriculum that attends to human values and beliefs, global systems, issues, history, cross-cultural understandings, and the development of analytical and evaluative skills.
It refers to a broad, culturally- and environmentally-inclusive worldview that accepts the fundamental interconnectedness of all things. Political, geographic borders become irrelevant and solutions to today's challenges are seen to be beyond the narrow vision of national interests.
Proponents of this philosophy often point to Diogenes of Sinope c. In the Mahopanishad VI. The statement is not just about peace and harmony among the societies in the world, but also about a truth that somehow the whole world has to live together like a family. Oppositely, the authoritarian personality , the social dominance orientation and psychopathy are all associated with less global human identification.
Some of these traits are influenced by heredity as well as by early experiences, which, in turn, likely influence individuals' receptiveness to global human identification. They attend more actively to global concerns, value the lives of all human beings more equally, and give more in time and money to international humanitarian causes. They tend to be more politically liberal on both domestic and international issues. Global citizenship identification then predicts six broad categories of prosocial behaviors and values, including: Face-to-face town hall meetings seem increasingly supplanted by electronic "town halls" not limited by space and time.
Absentee ballots opened the way for expatriates to vote while living in another country; the Internet may carry this several steps further. Another interpretation given by several scholars of the changing configurations of citizenship due to globalization is the possibility that citizenship becomes a changed institution; even if situated within territorial boundaries that are national, if the meaning of the national itself has changed, then the meaning of being a citizen of that nation changes.
This is reflected in the term glocalization , a portmanteau of the words "global" and "local". Mosco noted this feature and saw the growing importance of technopoles. Put another way, global citizens are people who can travel within these various boundaries and somehow still make sense of the world through a global lens. Human rights[ edit ] The lack of a universally recognized world body can put the initiative upon global citizens themselves to create rights and obligations.
Rights and obligations as they arose at the formation of nation-states e. Thus, new concepts that accord certain "human rights" which arose in the 20th century are increasingly being universalized across nations and governments. This is the result of many factors, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations in , the aftermath of World War II and the Holocaust and growing sentiments towards legitimizing marginalized peoples e.
Couple this with growing awareness of our impact on the environment, and there is the rising feeling that citizen rights may extend to include the right to dignity and self-determination. If national citizenship does not foster these new rights, then global citizenship may seem more accessible. One cannot overestimate the importance of human rights discourse in shaping public opinion. What are the rights and obligations of human beings trapped in conflicts?
Or, incarcerated as part of ethnic cleansing? Equally striking, are the pre-industrialized tribes newly discovered by scientists living in the depths of dense jungle? These rights can be equated with the rise of global citizenship as normative associations, indicating a national citizenship model that is more closed and a global citizenship one that is more flexible and inclusive.
They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty. Dicey said in , when he popularized the phrase "rule of law" in No one is above the law and everyone is equal before the law regardless of social, economic, or political status.
The rule of law includes the results of judicial decisions determining the rights of private persons. We hold these truths to be self-evident , that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights , that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed;  "Global citizenship in the United States" was a term used by former U.
President Barack Obama in in a speech in Berlin. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. November World Citizen flag by Garry Davis World Citizen badge In general, a world citizen is a person who places global citizenship above any nationalistic or local identities and relationships.
An early expression of this value is found in Diogenes of Sinope c. Of Diogenes it is said: It is the measles of mankind. Schonfield founded the Commonwealth of World Citizens , later known by its Esperanto name "Mondcivitana Respubliko", which also issued a world passport; it declined after the s. It does not, however, imply abandonment of legitimate loyalties, the suppression of cultural diversity, the abolition of national autonomy, nor the imposition of uniformity.
Its hallmark is 'unity in diversity. Other facets of world citizenship—including the promotion of human honour and dignity, understanding, amity, co-operation, trustworthiness, compassion and the desire to serve—can be deduced from those already mentioned. The concept was promoted by the self-declared World Citizen Garry Davis in , as a logical extension of the idea of individuals declaring themselves world citizens, and promoted by Robert Sarrazac, a former leader of the French Resistance who created the Human Front of World Citizens in Hundreds of cities mundialised themselves over a few years, most of them in France, and then it spread internationally, including to many German cities and to Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
One of the goals was to elect one delegate per million inhabitants to a People's World Constitutional Convention given the already then historical failure of the United Nations in creating a global institution able to negotiate a final world peace.
To date, more than cities and towns have declared themselves World cities , including Beverly Hills , Los Angeles , Minneapolis , St. The movement advocates for a new political organization governing all humanity , involving the transfer of certain parts of national sovereignty to a Federal World Authority , Federal World Government and Federal World Court.
Basing its authority on the will of the people, and developing new systems to draw the highest and best wisdom of all humanity into the task of governing our world, the collaborative governing system would be capable of solving the problems which call into question the future of man , such as hunger , water , war , peace-keeping , pollution and energy. The mundialization movement includes the declaration of specified territory - a city, town, or state, for example - as world territory, with responsibilities and rights on a world scale.
Currently the nation-state system and the United Nations offer no way for the people of the world to vote for world officials or participate in governing our world. International treaties or agreements lack the force of law. Mundialization seeks to address this lack by presenting a way to build, one city at a time, such a system of true World Law based upon the sovereignty of the whole. Earth Anthem[ edit ] Author Shashi Tharoor feels that an Earth Anthem sung by people across the world can inspire planetary consciousness and global citizenship among people.
For example, Parekh advocates what he calls globally oriented citizenship, and states, "If global citizenship means being a citizen of the world, it is neither practicable nor desirable. In the introduction to his public lecture, the UBC Internalization website states, "'Global citizenship' remains undefined. What, if anything, does it really mean? Is global citizenship just the latest buzzword? Gouverneur Morris , a delegate to the Constitutional Convention United States , criticized "citizens of the world" while he was on the floor of the convention; August 9, He would not trust them.
The men who can shake off their attachments to their own Country can never love any other. These attachments are the wholesome prejudices which uphold all Governments, Admit a Frenchman into your Senate, and he will study to increase the commerce of France: