Short title; table of contents. Prevention of trafficking in conjunction with post-conflict and humanitarian emergency assistance. Protection of victims of trafficking in persons. Enhancing prosecutions of trafficking in persons offenses. Enhancing United States efforts to combat trafficking in persons. Additional activities to monitor and combat forced labor and child labor. Prevention of domestic trafficking in persons.
Establishment of grant program to develop, expand, and strengthen assistance programs for certain persons subject to trafficking. Protection of juvenile victims of trafficking in persons. Enhancing State and local efforts to combat trafficking in persons.
Senior Policy Operating Group. Congress finds the following: An estimated 80 percent of such individuals are women and girls. According to a report issued by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania in , as many as , children in the United States are at risk for commercial sexual exploitation, including trafficking, at any given time. According to the National Runaway Switchboard, every day in the United States, between 1,, and 2,, runaway and homeless youth live on the streets.
One out of every seven children will run away from home before the age of Foreign policy and foreign aid professionals increasingly recognize the increased activity of human traffickers in post-conflict settings and during humanitarian emergencies. The efforts of aid agencies to address the protection needs of, among others, internally displaced persons and refugees are useful in this regard.
Nonetheless, there is a need for further integrated programs and strategies at the United States Agency for International Development, the Department of State, and the Department of Defense to combat human trafficking, including through protection and prevention methodologies, in post-conflict environments and during humanitarian emergencies.
B FACTORS- In carrying out the study, the Secretary of State and the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development shall examine-- i the vulnerabilities to human trafficking of commonly affected populations, particularly women and children, generated by post-conflict and humanitarian emergencies; ii the various forms of trafficking in persons, both internal and trans-border, including both sexual and labor exploitation; iii a collection of best practices implemented to date to combat human trafficking in such areas; and iv proposed recommendations to better combat trafficking in persons in conjunction with post-conflict reconstruction and humanitarian emergencies assistance.
B FACTORS- In carrying out the study under subparagraph A , the Administrator shall-- i investigate factors relating to the rehabilitation of victims of trafficking in group residential facilities, such as the appropriate size of such facilities, services to be provided, length of stay, and cost; and ii give consideration to ensure the safety and security of victims of trafficking, provide alternative sources of income for such victims, assess and provide for the educational needs of such victims, including literacy, and assess the psychological needs of such victims and provide professional counseling, as appropriate.
Trafficking in persons offenses committed by persons employed by or accompanying the Federal Government outside the United States. Trafficking in persons offenses committed by persons employed by or accompanying the Federal Government outside the United States " a Whoever, while employed by or accompanying the Federal Government outside the United States, engages in conduct outside the United States that would constitute an offense under chapter 77 or of this title if the conduct had been engaged in within the United States or within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States shall be punished as provided for that offense.
Definitions "As used in this chapter: Forfeitures " a In General- The court, in imposing sentence on any person convicted of a violation of this chapter, shall order, in addition to any other sentence imposed and irrespective of any provision of State law, that such person shall forfeit to the United States-- " 1 such person"s interest in any property, real or personal, that was used or intended to be used to commit or to facilitate the commission of such violation; and " 2 any property, real or personal, constituting or derived from any proceeds that such person obtained, directly or indirectly, as a result of such violation.
B CONTENTS- The research and statistical review and analysis under this paragraph shall consist of two separate studies, utilizing the same statistical data where appropriate, as follows: Each Federal department or agency involved in grant activities related to combatting trafficking or providing services to persons subjected to trafficking inside the United States shall, as the department or agency determines appropriate, apprise the Senior Policy Operating Group established by section f of the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 22 U.
Speaker of the House of Representatives.